Category Archives: Cleaning Tips and Tools

How Does Mold Get on My Roof?

Molds can form on roofs placed under permanent shade. These mold stains will result to discoloration and will cause damage to roof shingles if not dealt with early and properly. If left alone, molds can also expose the interior of the attic and crawlspaces to mold spores. If that happens, the interior of your house will be susceptible to molds.

This article will show you the most common conditions why molds develop on your roof and some of the ways to prevent them.

Moisture and Humidity Cause Molds

If the place you live in has high humidity or if you are near a large body of water, mold can be a recurring problem. Mold can form not just on your roof but also on your walls and your entire home. You will notice that if the weather is very humid for a couple of days, molds will start forming. Severe molds will develop especially on roof sections that are shaded and periodically exposed to damp weather.

Molds hold moisture. As a result, the growth of molds on your roof will reduce the life of the roof covering. If you have asphalt shingles or wood shingles for roofing materials, the moisture accumulated on the roof will speed up wear of the shingles.

Houses in freezing climates are more susceptible to faster frost damage and cracking because of the presence of molds. Those in tropical climates are not free from these problems. The growth of molds on your roof will eventually penetrate and separate your shingles if you do not take care of them.

Cleaning Molds on the Roof

As we have mentioned, molds develop if a section of your roof or your entire roof is under permanent shade. If the molds on the roof is a recurring problem, it will be wise to cut the branches of the tree that’s shading your roof or eliminate the cause of permanent shade if possible. If you think that the mold on your roof is still manageable, brushing or raking can be done with utmost care to minimize the damage. It is better to clean a small area first so you will know the extent of the damage caused by molds on your roof.

It is possible to eliminate molds on your roof surface by using a power washer or a soft brush. However, if your roof is really out of shape and the mold has taken over, it is best that you leave the cleaning to professional service providers.

If you think that your roof shingles are really worn out and fragile, it is best to replace them entirely so you don’t harm even the professional roof cleaning company.

Precision Construction Services is a full service construction company in Columbia, MO.

A few Useful Methods to Ready your Home Just before Restoration

Purchasing a house doesn’t usually cease proprietors through obtaining their own desire home. Occasionally, house purchasers think it is perfect to purchase unsightly houses inside a stunning area instead of obtaining a fantastic house inside a not perfect area. Actually traders state which it’s actually a wise decision to purchase a home that requires just a little update for example repairing your kitchen, improving the actual counter top and also the kitchen cabinetry, changing the actual tiles, and so forth.

If you are one amongst all of them, you need to know which house restoration is generally regarded as a large job. Actually, house contractors may even let you know which this kind of extramarital relationship could be truly untidy. Picture all of the employees as well as gear shifting in some places. With this, dirt as well as particles may undoubtedly build up everywhere. Whilst this can be an extremely little cost to cover making your kitchen of the goals, you have to make sure the actual security associated with additional products in your own home. Make certain your own furnishings along with other considerations tend to be remaining untouched through feasible scrapes, blemishes as well as particles.

To get this done, you’ve to ensure that your own furnishings in addition to home appliances within the kitchen area is actually just about all relocated right into a extra space a couple weeks prior to the restoration. To maintain all of them guarded, it will likely be perfect in order to choose inexpensive self-storage especially if you have a restricted room. Include additional furnishings within your house along with fabric or perhaps a plastic material include. By doing this they’re not going to collect dirt as well as could save you through getting an additional job to complete along with anything else.

Maintain exactly what you will not end up being utilizing throughout the restoration time period within containers. Content label all of them properly as well as shop within an additional space or even inside a self-storage service. Maintaining your own valuable products inside a self-storage can also be smart to safe all of them from the components as well as dishonest people.

Be sure you get rid of just about all delicate products dangling about the walls as well as cover all of them along with bubble cover or even every other specialized materials which will maintain all of them through becoming damaged.

When you are staying in your home as the restoration procedure is being conducted, make sure to tag away an additional location in the home where one can perform cooking food as well as planning of the foods. Proceed your own refrigerator to some handy area. For those who have the cash, you might purchase a scaled-down individual ref with regard to short-term make use of. To prevent needing to clean every single dinner within the cramped room, it will likely be smart to make use of throw away meals, items as well as mugs. With regard to much more ideas, take a look at this site.

The How you can Helpful information With regard to Cleansing Your own Marbled

Because of its style, sturdiness as well as timeless elegance, rock has been specific as well as set up within growing amounts nowadays. Creating exercise might be away it’s higher, however rock is constantly on the signify a good increasing part of the actual flooring becoming set up. Designers tend to be indicating granitic with regard to flooring as well as wall space as well as utilizing rock in keeping regions of brand new workplace structures. Creative designers tend to be choosing marbled or even limestone because floors materials within houses each little as well as big.

Whilst organic rock has been utilized in increasingly more locations, there’s small info available how in order to take care of this. You are able to request 5 various experts “How must i take care of my personal rock? inch and obtain 5 various solutions. This could turn out to be really irritating, particularly if the incorrect solution might show instead costly.

The initial step within correctly taking care of your own rock would be to figure out which kind of rock you’ve, as well as why is this distinctive. The greater you realize regarding your own rock, the simpler it will likely be to keep as well as take care of this.

The majority of the rock utilized these days drops in to among 3 groups.

1. Igneous — This particular rock and roll had been created through fireplace. This particular rock had been as soon as the molten moving bulk associated with fluid rock and roll prior to air conditioning to the difficult area all of us observe these days. Granitic drops in to this particular this particular class.

two. Metamorphic — rock is actually a combination of clays, carbonates along with other mineral deposits that has already been put through extreme warmth as well as stress in order to blend this particular materials right into a stunning rock. Marbled drops below this particular class.

3. Sedimentary Rock — Nutrient utes as well as clay-based debris type this particular rock. Aged water underside or even ton flatlands will be exactly where this kind of rock will be discovered. The actual shear pounds from the ongoing debris solidifies this particular blend below its shear pounds. Limestone as well as sandstone tend to be the most typical kind of sedimentary rock.

Common Rock Upkeep

The actual actions talked about amount to an over-all process of cleansing as well as sustaining your own marbled as well as limestone areas. Among the very first items to discover as well as take, is actually that rock is actually porous to some extent. This means which fluid may and can permeate the actual rock transporting by using it the actual possible in order to spot your own area. The actual faster the drip is actually acquired the simpler it will likely be to wash the actual rock. You are able to increase this time around, through organizing to possess your own area covered to avoid fluid transmission.

Cleansers aren’t produced equivalent. You should understand the actual elements from the solution you’ll be utilizing. Cleansers could be acidic, alkaline (basic) or even natural. Each kind associated with rock may respond in a different way along with acidity as well as alkaline cleansers. Marbled as well as limestone, is basically made from calcium supplement carbonate, exactly the same materials all of us understand because chalk. Calcium supplement Carbonate is actually extremely acidity delicate. Acids may break down calcium supplement carbonate, and for that reason marbled as well as limestone. The majority of acidic cleansers may etching your own marbled, actually dissolving mini openings to the area. Overtime the look might boring or even type drinking water places that you’re not able to thoroughly clean, or even in the event that bliss prohibit a person used the calcium supplement eliminator actually break down the top aside. In most instances, this can need you to look for a expert craftsman to create a housecall as well as repolish the top, a costly preventable end result in order to using a good acidic solution to some marbled or even limestone area. Akaline as well as natural cleansers would be the favored course associated with solution to prevent acidity etching. Whilst this particular eliminates harm, this isn’t sufficient in order to guarantee great cleansing. Getting removed acidic cleansers, which may consist of white vinegar.

Whenever coping with the porous substrate the actual query gets how you can split water pressure that may avoid the solution through engaging in the actual skin pores as well as crevices exactly where grime as well as essential oil conceal. Cleansers could be additional divided in to solvent dependent or even surfactant dependent. The solvent dependent solution may look for in order to break down grime as well as drift this aside. The surfactant solution may slow up the area pressure associated with drinking water letting it key in skin pores as well as crevices, after which whenever this discovers grime as well as essential oil encompass this as well as help this becoming caught up through the fluid solution. Whenever coping with the porous substrate, the surfactant dependent solution provides substantial benefits.

Rock flooring ought to be dirt mopped often. This particular accumulates the actual grime as well as resolution which will usually the begining the actual marbled. It isn’t your own footwear which put on the ground, however what’s caught involving the single and also the ground. Marbled as well as limestone tend to be inherently gentle gemstones. Dirt cleaning eliminates the actual large items that might the begining the ground underfoot or even cleaner.

Flooring ought to after that end up being moist mopped every day. Increased exposure of moist (not wet). Moist cleaning accumulates resolution, letting it stay with the actual cleaner, and become transported towards the pail to become washed away. Moist cleaning might be suitable in order to break down the sticky drip, however it will likewise down payment grime within the grout outlines in order to focus since the drinking water evaporates. Moist cleaner having a surfactant solution with regard to greatest outcomes.

Keep in mind alter water inside your pail frequently to prevent grime as well as muck itching your own rock area. If you cannot begin to see the base from the cleaner pail it’s time for you to alter water.

In the event that within question, it is important to understand is actually the amount of the local rock treatment expert. A genuine expert may show you in your rock kind, your unique building’s requirements, as well as a suitable treatment process as well as rate of recurrence which take into account each. Your own rock is actually valuable for you, you don’t have to create valuable errors, whenever a small training could make cleansing very simple, and gaze after an attractive look.

Fluid Dishing out Gear

Should you frequently need to transportation considerable amounts associated with fluid, you’ll undoubtedly possess a small splilling on the way. Around you might attempt, individuals protrusions within the street as well as fast becomes are likely to consider their own cost in your freight eventually, are not these people? This is often an costly clean-up work and may trigger lots of unpleasant results, based on that which you tend to be moving. For this reason fluid dishing out gear is really vital that you a business that techniques lots of fluids close to, as possible help to keep every thing much more structured.

You can keep your own fluids inside a big drum, however past person make use of this gets just a little difficult as well as complicated. You will have to, from 1 stage, proceed all of them close to within scaled-down storage containers, departing a person within an uncomfortable scenario.

Nevertheless, maybe you have utilized drum dishing out gear? You can, for instance, get the drum pump motor that can come in a number of shapes and sizes, based on exactly what you are searching for. Based on that which you tend to be shifting, just how much from it there’s, as well as exactly how harmful it may be in order to supplies may choose which kind of fluid dishing out gear you’ll get.

Utilizing scaled-down percussion in order to help the actual proceed might really end up being advantageous, particularly for those who have the pump motor. This enables with regard to simple transport through drum in order to drum, without having dropping something on the way, or even a minimum of reducing the probabilities. Even though it’s really a small time-consuming, it is definitely much better than dropping a broad quantity of fluid since you had been just a little reckless, correct?

Nevertheless, recently, along with brand new improvements within drum dishing out gear, the actual time-consuming procedure is becoming much less severe. Because of pump-action that assists proceed the actual fluids through dishing out upon each down and up cerebral vascular accidents, which means it requires fifty percent time this accustomed to.

What this means is you are able to proceed big amounts associated with any kind of materials, actually harmful chemical substances, with no concern with splilling or even mistake associated with guy. Simply because we must proceed a lot of harmful chemical substances right now, it is necessary that people moved all of them properly as well as properly, or even danger a significant incident. Due to this, this means which fluid dishing out gear with regard to more powerful through the years as well as we now have the remarkably effective program that will save cash, will save period as well as increases efficiency.

Next time you have to proceed the volume of fluids, keep in mind how the work is actually a great deal simpler, less dangerous as well as less expensive should you simply committed to a few fluid dishing out gear! It provides a far more compared to fulfilling means to fix the issues, permitting companies to obtain their own function carried out in a considerably faster price compared to these people utilized every single child.

Electrical Stress Cleaners With regard to Cleansing the Creating

The actual creating that the company offers is usually the very first impact that’s remaining within the thoughts of the possible client. Today’s creating which sparkles talks to some company that’s worried about creating a spectacular very first impact and can produce much more appointments than the usual creating that’s grubby, filthy, as well as overlooked. Among the simplest methods to ensure a person depart the best very first impact is actually to have electrical stress washing machine obtainable to be able to thoroughly clean your own creating frequently. That cleaners tend to be befitting cleansing your own creating?

Stress Cleaning Eliminates A lot more than Simply Grime

Have you got chewing gum trapped towards the outside of the creating? Can there be graffiti in your fencing or even wall space regularly? Unsightly stains, mold, mildew, as well as air pollution remains could be successfully eliminated using the correct cleaners. Electrical cleaners additionally assist you to successfully thoroughly clean without having polluting environmental surroundings because they merely refresh via your own electric grid when they possess a electric battery or even may simply plug-in where ever you should utilize all of them. The reason why decide to employ anyone to stress clean your own creating for you personally whenever for that exact same price, you can purchase an electrical washing machine as well as do-it-yourself?

Just how much PSI Will Your own Electrical Stress Washing machine Require?

There are lots of can make as well as types of electrical cleaners. Probably the most transfer function associated with any kind of washing machine, nevertheless, is actually the quantity of PSI, or even stress for each sq . in ., that’s created. This is actually the regular selection of washing machine PSI rankings as well as exactly what duties they’re great for finishing:

1300 — 1800 PSI. These types of cleaners tend to be great for sporadic work which are gentle within character. Including elimination associated with mildew and mold, cleansing yard furnishings, gas grills, automobiles, wooden shutters as well as home windows, in addition to place cleansing upon outside elements.
2000 — 3000 PSI. They are the actual cleaners that lots of companies decide to possess simply because they may be utilized frequently for several various duties. They’re powerful sufficient to get rid of difficult unsightly stains whilst successfully cleansing sidewalks, driveways, as well as outside wall space.
Over 3000 PSI. These types of cleaners tend to be more industrial within character, however will also be what you will require if you wish to remove graffiti from a good outside walls. These types of cleaners will even take away the most difficult unsightly stains, successfully thoroughly clean siding, as well as undertake additional commercial cleansing duties.

The price of Electrical Stress Cleaners

The bottom cost for any gentle responsibility electrical washing machine is usually below $100. With regard to gentle duties which include grime as well as air pollution elimination, this is actually the ideal means to fix depart an ideal very first impact. With regard to business people that require a greater degree of thoroughly clean, the actual mid-range electrical cleaners differ within cost in between $150 — $400 with respect to the options that come with the actual design you decide on. Numerous mid-range stress cleaners consist of a number of nozzles to obtain a far more particular thoroughly clean as well. Commercial stress cleaners in many cases are over $600.

Thinking about the buying price of employing an expert stress washing machine to wash your company for you personally, the actual expense of the electrical washing machine will pay away within just a couple of utilizes. If you want to thoroughly clean your own creating in order to depart the very best very first impact, think about utilizing an electrical washing machine these days.

How you can Thoroughly clean Canine Feces From Carpeting

Everyone poops. This can be a truth associated with existence as well as your pet isn’t defense into it. Along with great home instruction, your own may train your pet how the correct spot to bare a person’s bowels (if the first is your dog, which is) is actually outdoors, however presently there will certainly be considered a couple of mishaps through the years. Perhaps you have the pup who’s nevertheless along the way associated with understanding, or possibly your pet is actually ill or even early. In any case, should you personal your dog, you will likely need to learn to thoroughly clean canine feces from the carpeting at some time. Why not really these days? It certainly is better to cleanup interferes right away and when a person learn to thoroughly clean canine feces from the carpeting right now, you can behave rapidly once the period arrives.

Very first, you need to take away the feces. You’ve got a couple of choices for this task. You could utilize rubberized mitts, document bath towels, the dustpan, or perhaps a plastic material tote. Simply make sure that you do not contact the actual excrement together with your uncovered pores and skin as well as after, regardless of what, clean both hands completely along with cleaning soap as well as drinking water.

Following, make use of a spot eliminator. This will be considered a pre-wash washing spot item also it must state “oxi” about the container (OxiClean, Oxi-Action, and so on. ). Or even in the event that you’d like to, you can buy an item particularly designed for dog unsightly stains. Many of these items ought to be offered at supermarkets, dog shops, as well as stores such as Focus on as well as Walmart. Adhere to the actual instructions about the container as well as affect the actual carpeting.

After that, make a pail associated with chilly as well as soapy drinking water. Dunk the fabric to the drinking water as well as wash the actual spot. Alternative between your spot eliminator as well as soapy drinking water to wash the actual carpeting materials completely. Make sure to wash away the actual fabric several times to ensure that you aren’t massaging the actual excrement back to the actual carpeting.

Since the actual spot is finished, make use of a fabric or even document hand towel to soak up the actual fluid in the carpeting. Push together with your hands or even drive lower together with your feet. Replicate before carpeting is just just a little moist.

After that, to complete upward, create a answer associated with 1/4 mug white vinegar as well as 1/4 mug drinking water. Put on to the actual carpeting as well as mark support. After that, spread upon cooking soda pop, totally since the region as well as ensuring the actual natural powder seeps into the actual carpeting materials. Allow item sit down immediately as well as vacuum cleaner upward each morning. This task may keep your carpeting is actually odor-free.

That is this! You have discovered how you can thoroughly clean canine feces from carpeting. Having a couple of easy items along with a small shoulder oil, your own carpeting is going to be just like brand new!

Why you should have your carpets professionally cleaned

Most people want to have a tidy house and work hard in order to do so. Having a nice living space to come home to live in can make a huge difference in the amount of energy one has to expend outwards in their life.

Nowadays people are looking for more and more ways to be healthy and happy. They read health food articles, go to the gym to work out and try to get enough sleep. One area of a healthy lifestyle that is often over looked is the importance of having clean carpets. Often carpets exist in our most used rooms such as the family room or TV room. No matter how much time someone might spend time vacuuming the carpet, without professional carpet cleaning the carpets will never truly be clean.

Here are 5 Reasons why you should have your carpets professionally cleaned:

  1. Professional cleaning extends the life of the carpet

The key to keeping a carpet looking fresh and beautiful is to clean it before it starts to look wore down. Deep down at the base of a carpet, dirt and bacteria can accumulate. Over the course of time this acts like sand paper and starts to damage and break down the fibers of the carpet. Once this happens it is very difficult to bring a carpet back to its original full life. Think of professional carpet cleaning like routine maintenance for your car. Put the effort into it and it will last longer and look better.

  1. Creates a Sanitary Environment

The health of you and your loved ones is also a very good reason to clean your carpets. Whether you have a small family or a big family, it is inevitable that dirt will be getting tracked onto your carpet. Regular vacuuming simply cannot remove all the debris that will be lurking at the very base of your carpet. The only way to fully clean your carpets is with the help of professionals.

  1. Keep Pet Owners Homes Healthy

If you are a pet owner or perhaps you or members of your household spend significant amounts of time around animals, then using a professional carpet cleaning service is essential for you. Pets have hair, dander and transport extra debris into the carpets. Homeowners with pets should aim to use a regular vacuum at a minimum of three times a week, if not more. Carpet cleaning Livermore is a cleaning expert who may be a great professional to meet your carpet cleaning needs.

  1. To Have Clean Air

Unbeknownst to a lot of people, uncleaned carpets can contribute to polluted air in one’s home. If not cleaned routinely, toxic airborne gases can also get stuck in the debris of the carpet. Even with regular vacuuming these particles can get released into home. Professional carpet cleaners use special shampoo formulas. They are able to remove the deeply trapped pollutants with high powered vacuums.

  1. Enhance looks and maintain warranty

Having your carpets professionally cleaned will not only enhance the look, but it may be necessary to maintain the warranty. Having carpet in your home can be a major investment. Not only do you want to keep it looking nice, your warranty may become null if you don’t keep up with regular and routine cleaning. Always ask questions for your particular situation, but many warranties require professional cleaning.

Maintaining a home or business can be a big task. With preventative routine maintenance and care you will be well on your way to enjoying your carpet for a long time.

Canister vacuum

Canister vacuum

Vacuum cleaner is device that creates a vacuum to suck the dust particles from the floors and other and surfaces such as carpet, sofas etc. They come in many designs and sizes for domestic use as well as industrial use. Two of the main types of vacuum cleaners are Upright vacuum cleaners and Canister vacuum cleaners. While the upright vacuum cleaners are popular in the USA, and some other commonwealth countries, the latter i.e. the canister vacuum cleaner is a popular choice in the European market. While the upright models are little primitive in design, the canister ones are modernised version. It has a motor as well as the dust bag in a unit which is placed or mounted on the wheels and is connected to the main part or the head of the vacuum cleaner by a long flexible pipe like structure generally referred to as a hose. The main advantage of the canister version is the flexibility to attach several other heads which can be customised to clean different surface like sofa,carpet, and spider nets too.

Their performance in cleaning carpet is little on the downside when compared to the upright ones but the best canister vacuums with powerful head can clean the carpets almost as neatly as an upright one. The best canister vacuums are also easy to store and generally need very less amount of maintenance.

If you have a large house then canister vacuum is a great option because of the flexibility.

Choosing a vacuum cleaner especially between an upright one or a canister ones is totally a personal choice and should be based on your need. An upright cleaner also works well if you have a small or a middle sized house. They are in huge demand in certain markets such as Europe.

How to improve the outside of your home

How to improve the outside of your home

No matter why you want to improve the outside of your home, whether to enjoy it yourself or whether it’s because you’re looking to sell in the near future, you will need to think about the various ways in which you can do this. The great news is that no matter whether you’re looking to improve your steel guttering or your garden, there are many tips for you to make the most of – so simply read on and look forward to metal gutters to be proud of.

Keep your garden neat and tidy

Nothing is more important than the first impression that people get when they walk to your home, and for this reason it is absolutely vital that they are met with a house that looks clean and tidy from the outside. Doing something as simple as cleaning up your garden is certain to help with this, so take time to mow your lawns, keep trees and bushes neat, and make sure that you brush your driveway regularly to get rid of any dirt that may have been brought in on the wheels of your car.

Think about your guttering

If you see a house with untidy and uneven guttering, it is certain to look a mess, and for this reason you should take the time to upgrade your guttering if you have the chance to do so. By asking for a professional to come and undertake this type of work, you can be certain that your house will look much better in no time, leaving a great impression on all those who walk by.

Consider your windows

Although washing your windows may seem like a never ending task, it is more than worth it, as it can make your house sparkle from the outside. Not only is this the case, but you will also be able to make sure that your house lets in as much light as possible, and this will help to improve the look of the inside of your home, too. If you haven’t replaced your windows at all for a number of years then this is something that you might wish to consider, as this is something that can really give a new lease of life to a property.

Get your jet wash out

A clean driveway always looks much better than a dirty one, and you would be surprised to see just how much of a difference it can make when you use a jet wash on your driveway. Simply doing this once a year will freshen up the outside of your home, meaning that it will stand out from the other houses in your street.

Being able to set the best possible first impression is vital, as this is certain to work to your advantage in the years to come. For this reason, it is well worth taking the time to consider improvements that you could make, as it will certainly be a great investment in the future.

Easy Way to Remove Junks from Your House after Remodeling Project

Easy Way to Remove Junks from Your House after Remodeling ProjectRemodeling your house is a great activity because soon you can feel new atmosphere. The problem is about the junk. Just imagine that you will see a bunch of junk after the remodeling project. The worse is that you don’t know what to do with the junks. Now, you don’t need to worry about the junk after remodeling your house.

What you have to do is using Bellevue junk removal service. The main service of this company is to remove all the junks and you will not see it again. Your house will totally clean and tidy after the remodeling project. The type of the junk which they can remove from your house is various and most of junks are ready to remove. Those are including your old furniture, construction debris, waste from renovation project, old appliance, and yard waste. Now, you can just sit and enjoy your new house and let the team from the junk removal service starts their job. You will see the result in a few hours and you will not see the waste anymore. Just imagine if you have to remove it by yourself. It seems that you need a few days and even a few weeks before everything clean. The best part is that the team is skillful and professional although they are only removing waste. They will come with fully complete equipment, uniform, and vehicle which are needed in the junk removing process. The team works in several steps based on the standard. First, they will sort the junks. Second, they will load those junks into their truck. Third, they will clean up the area so what you will see is an empty and clean area.

So, what will they do with those junks? Interestingly, this service will manage the junk. After removing the junk from your house, they will sort it again. The junk which still useful will be recycled and if there is nothing to do with the rest of the junk, they will disposed it. In addition, they also ready to wash and clean your carpet. As the result, your space can be used as a new room and not only to keep junks. Besides offering their service in Bellevue, this service is also offering junk removal Kirkland. For Kirkland people, you can just remove your damage television, computer, microwave, and any kind of damage electric items easily by calling this junk removal services. By the time you call them, they will come to your house and do the removing project.  So, don’t just let your room or your garage full of junks. Remove the junks and use the room just like its function before. Let, the team from top2bottomservices.net helps the service so it can be done faster and efficient and of course in affordable price. To see their latest activities as well as their achievement, just go check their social media account such Instagram and how they work from the photos and videos posted there. Are you ready to clean up your house from junks? Just call this service right away and see the result before and after the junks removing project.